Happy Monday everyone! It’s been a while since I last wrote about a word of the week…I’d love to know if this is something you enjoy reading!
Well you probably already know the arch of the foot is the high, curved part of the sole, located between the ball of the foot and the heel. It allows the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least weight. This term can also refer to the raised area of the insole of a shoe, which is meant to pad and provide support for the arch of the foot. However, the foot actually has three arches:
- The “medial longitudinal arch” is the most prominent foot arch and what is typically referred to as simply, “the arch.” It runs from front to back along the inside of the foot. This arch absorbs the majority of the shock of impact while walking, jumping or running.
- The “lateral longitudinal arch” runs parallel to the medial longitudinal arch, but is along the outer edge of the foot.
- The “transverse arch” runs across the midfoot from outside to inside.
Your foot type is determined by the arches along with other tissues of the foot. The most common foot types are high arches, neutral and flat feet. If you have either flat feet or high arches, you may have foot discomfort that can be alleviated with insoles or custom-made orthotics.